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Unrest in the USA during 1905 by Ammonoidea Unrest in the USA during 1905 by Ammonoidea
The symbol of the Democrats in ATL is the rooster, as it was in some parts of the USA throughout the 19th and 20th century. Harper's Magazine never publishes their comics with the resurrection of the Democratic jackass, butterflies etc.


Excerpted from Excerpted From Historical Atlas of North America: Chapter 17 - The Socialist Revolution, ed. Daniel Kalinsky (1998, Doverton Press, New York)

... Widespread strikes and mass protests ensued in the spring and summer of 1905 as the snow began to thaw from the Union. The serious effects of the banking crash of 1903 had not alleviated within a year as President Hanna had repeatedly stated to the press, and this combined with the effective end of legal multi-party politics in the United States by 1900 pushed the situation to a crisis point. Labor strikes and violence became prominent by spring, prompting widespread fear in the ruling classes of America.

Union action led the most important and widespread disturbances in 1905. The AFL was generally uninterested in labor activism, as they had been bought out by Democratic connections, so most strikes were done by smaller unaffiliated Unions, usually under the mantle of industrial unionism. Railroad and longshoremen strikes were frequent during the year with the biggest in the fall of 1905 paralyzing the entirety of the United States for several weeks. Steelworkers across the industrial heart of America staged violent strikes demanding an increase in wages and recognition of Unions, with the city of Pittsburgh almost a war zone for several days in June. Thousands of small trade unions also struck in almost every city in the United States, if only consisting of a few men for a few days. The greatest labor unrest took place in the traditional heart of American labor unrest: the mining industry. By the fall of 1905, the Western Federation of Miners had managed to stage protests in the Rocky Mountains, and the Mine Workers of America (officially banned by order of the Federal Government in any state with a cola mining industry) had declared a mass strike. The MWA managed to ally with the Union of American Railway Workers under the banner of the Industrial Congress (an umbrella organization for unions in the Industrial unionism movement) and declared a blanket restriction on the selling of coal. Limited coal amounts were shipped on special trains was delivered to poor areas determined by local UARW and IC organizational heads. Emboldened by the Federal Government's inability to prevent this limited syndicalism, IC leaders in cities from Sacrament to New York declared a general strike as part of a popular front of leftist groups. Mass protests with demands from a limited tax decrease, to the restoration of American Political Rights and free elections, to the impeachment of the entire Hannah Administration, to the overthrow of the Capitalist System.

Pinkertons had already engaged in violent conflict with various labor groups throughout the year, in cities such as Pittsburgh and Cleveland and in the massacres of Coal Creek and Uniontown, but the mass Industrial Congress experiment with syndicalism and general strikes unleashed a wave of attacks previously unseen. Military units stationed on the CSA frontier were moved north to act as strike breakers, which they did violently in many American cities. In several, such as New York and Detroit, IC General Strikes faded away faced with stiff resistance, if not before achieving several days success. In other areas, such as Chicago and Pittsburgh, local socialists had managed to seize several arms supplies and fought back - if poorly - engaging federal troops and Pinkertons in running street battles. Miner resistance in Colorado and Appalachia was particularly fierce, with Miner's gaining several successes against Federal troops and several towns razed.

Concurrently, the continuing deflation of the Early 20th Century and the rapid increase in agricultural output worldwide hit American farmers particularly hard. Already hurting from bad years in 1903 and 1904, american farmers organized themselves into Agrarian Parties and engaged in their own resistance to what the unresponsive and city dominated Hanna Administration. Agrarian resistance took many forms, with some simply forming cooperatives and machine collectives, but many engaged in violent attacks against what they perceived as enemies: banks, local Democratic Leaders. The ability of Agrarians to work with the IC was hamepred by mutual distrust, a feeling that would become increasingly important as time went on.

The onset of snow in 1905 dampened the enthusiasm for protesting, and Federal Troops managed to regain control over most of the USA by December (with some exceptions). The damage however had already been done. Violent action had radicalized many protesters, and Communist lead movements had gained strength against those of more moderate minded socialists. Violent Anarchists active on the East Coast had assassinated several important city leaders, and more philosophically minded anarcho-syndicalists had begun to work on how to organize the next round of syndics for the production of what they saw as the coming war. IC leaders had been arrested en mass, allowing smaller groups lower in the IC, like the American Marxist Party to seize control in the secret "Emergency Congress" of December. Thousands of Democratic Party Offices had been destroyed and burned by protesters, shaking the confidence of the Democratic Regime, and an untold number of suspected Pinkerton Agents had been lynched (or even tarred and feathered) in the streets of America.

As President Hannah prepared to resign in favor of a "Grand Coalition" comprised mostly of New Unionist Leaders, an action which split the IC in a moderate and radical camp, one thing was clear: the alumnus snows in Washington may have turned the city a comfortable peaceful white, but a second revolution was coming to the USA.

Figure 2, below presents several of the most important protests. Thousands of smaller ones were present, but simply could not be shown here.
:iconwarsie:
Warsie Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Awesome.
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:icontodyo1798:
Todyo1798 Featured By Owner Dec 2, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
You have created an excellent series of maps here my friend, most excellent.

However I think many of us would appreciate seeing Europe as well, since such massive turmoil in the America's must surely have affected European history hugely.

So pweety-pwease?
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